A Global Review on Peri-Urban Development and Planning

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Abstract

Wilayah perkotaan di seluruh dunia semakin menghadapi tantangan pertumbuhan
metropolitan yang sangat dinamis, dan pada saat yang sama, perubahan kelembagaan seperti
desentralisasi dan globalisasi. Perubahan-perubahan semacam ini tampak nyata pada kawasan
peri-urban, tempat bertemunya kehidupan perkotaan dan perdesaan. Secara khusus kawasan
peri-urban ini telah menjadi tempat bagi transformasi fisik, sosial dan ekonomi yang pesat.
Berdasarkan kajian literatur, artikel ini mengidentifikasi karakteristik umum peri-urbanisasi
dan bagaimana perencanaan pembangunan menanggapinya. Tiga karakteristik umum yang
diidentifikasi: ruang peri-urban (ungkapan ruang dari pembangunan peri-urban), kehidupan
peri-urban (tampilan fungsional dari tata guna lahan, aktivitas peri-urban dan inovasi), dan
perubahan peri-urban (perspektif kausal dan temporal yang meliputi aliran dan penggerak
perubahan). Diperlihatkan pula bahwa umumnya tanggapan kelembagaan perencanaan dan
pembangunan gagal untuk menanggapi karakteristik peri-urbanisasi global yang dinamis dan
semakin terfragmentasi


Paper's Information

Publisher Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota
Index at 31 October 2016 3:39 a.m.
Source Type Journal
Source Title Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota 1-16 pages. Vol. 25 Number.1
Cited 2 times
Keywords Peri-urbanisasi, pertumbuhan metropolitan, kapasitas kelembagaan, globalisasi,

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