Self-Organization, Urban Transformation, and Spatial Planning in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia

Author :

Download Paper

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi peran sistem perencanaan tata ruang
dalam menghadapi proses perorganisasian diri, sebagaimana dibuktikan oleh transformasi
perkotaan yang kompleks di wilayah Jakarta. Wilayah Jakarta adalah salah satu wilayah
megapolitan di Asia Tenggara yang mengalami proses transformasi yang cepat. Sangat
disayangkan bahwa sistem perencanaan tata ruang yang ada sekarang di wilayah Jakarta
belum mampu merespon transformasi kota secara non-linier. Kekurangan ini terbukti dari
ketidaksinkronan antara dokumen-dokumen perencanaan tata ruang dan perubahan tata guna
lahan perkotaan yang diperkuat dengan proses pengorganisasian diri. Perbedaan antara
situasi empiris dan dokumen-dokumen perencanaan tata ruang yang ada telah menghasilkan
ketidakcocokan antara sistem perencanaan tata ruang dengan sistem tata ruang di wilayah
Jakarta. Ketidakcocokan ini terjadi karena sistem perencanaan tata ruang saat ini tidak
mempertimbangkan ketidakpastian di masa depan. Situasi ini mengindikasikan adanya
‘fuzziness’ dalam implementasi sistem dan proses perencanaan tata ruang, sementara
transformasi perkotaan telah berkembang sedemikian kompleksnya dan membutuhkan respon
yang cepat dan tepat. Untuk dapat merespon ketidakcocokan ini, sistem perencanaan tata ruang
di wilayah Jakarta harus lebih memperhatikan sistem perkotaan yang berkembang dalam
proses yang tidak linear


Paper's Information

Publisher Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota
Index at 28 October 2016 8:09 a.m.
Source Type Journal
Source Title Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota 147-165 pages. Vol. 26 Number.3
Cited 0 times
Keywords Pengorganisasian diri, transformasi perkotaan, ketidaklinieran, sistem perencanaan, Megapolitan Jakarta,

References


  1. Alfasi, N.and J. Portugali
    Planning just-in-time versus Planning just-in-case
    Post on 2004
  2. Alfasi, N.and J. Portugali
    Planning rules for a Self Planned City
    Post on 2007
  3. Allmendinger, P
    Planning Theory
    Post on 2002
  4. Angelis, D. D., W. Post, and C. Travis
    Self-organizing Characteristics of Ecological Communities
    Post on 1981
  5. Balducci, A., V. Fedeli, and G. Pasqui
    Strategic Planning for Contemporary Urban Region. A City of Cities: A Project for Milan
    Post on 2011
  6. Barros, J.and F. Sobreira
    City of Slums: Self-Organisation Across Scales
    Post on 2002
  7. Baum, H. S
    Toward a Post-Industrial Planning Theory
    Post on 1997
  8. Bonabeau, E
    Self-organization in Social Insects
    Post on 1997
  9. Boonstra, B. and L. Boelens
    Self-organization in Urban Development: Towards A New Perspective on Spatial Planning
    Post on 2011
  10. Camazine, S.
    Self-organization in Biological System
    Post on 2003
  11. Chiti, M. P
    Il Ruolo Della Comunità Europea Nel Governo Del Territorio, The Role of European Community In Territorial Governance
    Post on 2003
  12. Cleveland, J
    Complexity Theory: Basic Concepts and Application to System Thinking
    Post on 1994
  13. De Roo, G
    Environmental Planning in the Netherlands: Too Good to be True
    Post on 2003
  14. De Roo, G. and G. Porter
    Introducing Actor-Consulting as a Means to Address Fuzziness in Planning and Decision-Making
    Post on 2007
  15. De Roo, G
    A Theory of Transition and its Relevance to Planning Theory and Practice: A non-linear Understanding of Spatial Developments
    Post on 2008
  16. De Roo, G
    Being or Becoming? That is the Question! Confronting Complexity with Contemporary Planning Theory
    Post on 2010
  17. De Roo, G
    Planning Theory: Planning, Decision Making, and Non-Linearity
    Post on 2013
  18. De Roo, G
    Self-Organization and Spatial Planning
    Post on 2014
  19. European Comission
    The EU Compendium of Spatial Planning Systems and Policies
    Post on 1997
  20. Firman, T
    In Search of a Governance Institution Model for Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JMA) Under Indonesia’s New Decentralisation Policy: Old Problems, New Challenges
    Post on 2008
  21. Firman, T
    The Continuity and Change in Mega-Urbanization in Indonesia: A Survey of Jakarta–Bandung Region (JBR) Development
    Post on 2009
  22. Firman, T
    The Dynamics of Jabodetabek Development: The Challenge of Urban Governance
    Post on 2013
  23. Fuchs, C
    The Self-organization of Social Movement
    Post on 2006
  24. Garnsey, E. and J. McGlade
    Complexity and Co-Evolution: Continuity and Changing in Socio-Economic Systems
    Post on 2006
  25. George, V. and P. Wilding
    Globalization and Human Welfare
    Post on 2002
  26. Gunder, M. and J. Hillier
    Planning in Ten Words or Less
    Post on 2009
  27. Haken, H
    Synergetics - An Introduction: Non Equilibrium Phase Transition and Selforganization in Physics, Chemistry and Biology
    Post on 1978
  28. Haken, H
    Synergetics and The Problem of Self-Organization
    Post on 1981
  29. Healey, P
    Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies
    Post on 1997
  30. Heylighen, F
    Complexity and Self-organization
    Post on 2008
  31. Hidayanti
    Self-organization at the Neighborhood Level
    Post on 2013
  32. Hidding, M
    Planning voor stad en land (Planning for city and countryside
    Post on 2006
  33. Innes, J.E
    Planning Through Consensus Building: A New View of the Comprehensive Planning Ideal
    Post on 1996
  34. Kaiser, E.J., D.R. Godschalk, and F.S. Chapin
    Urban Land Use Planning
    Post on 1995
  35. Krugman, P
    What Economists Can Learn from Evolutionary Theorists
    Post on 1996
  36. Leisch, H
    Structures and Functions of Private New Towns in Jabotabek
    Post on 2002
  37. Loorbach, D. A
    Transition Management: New Mode of Governance for Sustainable Development
    Post on 2007
  38. Martin, G.
    The Global Frontier: Urbanization, Poverty, and Environment in the 21st Century
    Post on 2008
  39. Miller, A. M
    Decentralizing Indonesian City Spaces as New Centers
    Post on 2013
  40. Ministry of Public Works
    Strategic of Spatial Planning to Overcome Spatial Problems in Jabodetabekpunjur
    Post on 2013
  41. Ministry of Public Works
    Space Utilization Audit in Jabodetabekpunjur
    Post on 2014
  42. Mitchell, B
    Resource and Environmental Management
    Post on 2002
  43. Monkkonen, P
    Urban Land-use Regulations and Housing Markets in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indonesia on the Importance of Enforcement
    Post on 2013
  44. Nadin, V. and D. Stead
    European Spatial Planning Systems
    Post on 2008
  45. Nye, J.S. and J.D. Donahue
    Governance in a Globalizing World
    Post on 2000
  46. Portugali, J
    Self-organization and The City
    Post on 2000
  47. Portugali, J
    Complexity Theories of Cities: Implications to Urban Planning
    Post on 2002
  48. Prigogine, I.and I. Stengers
    Order Out of Chaos: Man's New Dialogue With Nature
    Post on 1984
  49. Rauws, W
    Peri-Urban Dynamics: The Exciting Phenomenon of Transition
    Post on 2009
  50. Rotmans, J., R. Kemp and M. van Asselt
    More Evolution than Revolution: Transition Management in Public Policy
    Post on 2001
  51. Sydow, J., G. Schreyögg, and J. Koch
    Organisational Paths: Path Dependency and Beyon
    Post on 2005
  52. Varela, F., H.R. Maturana, and R. Uribe
    Autopoiesis: The Organization of Living Systems, Its Characterization and a Model
    Post on 1974
  53. Varela, F
    Autonomy and Autopoiesis
    Post on 1981
  54. Woltjer, J
    A Global Review on Peri-Urban Development and Planning
    Post on 2004
  55. Zuidema, C. and G.d. Roo
    Integrating Complexity Theory Into Planning: Truth or Dare
    Post on 2004
  56. Clifton, K., and K. Lucas
    Examining the empirical evidence of transport inequality in the US and UK. In Running on empty: transport, social exclusion and environmental justice
    Post on 2004